Wedding Symbols

Wedding > Symbols

Periwinkle plant

Planting periwinkle in the garden of a couple's first home will ensure a long and happy life together.


  • Wheat is a symbol of an abundant harvest and used to wish for fruitfulness.

  • Roman wedding cakes were made of plain wheat. Bride and groom tasted the first piece, while the rest of the cake was crumbled over the head of the bride to ensure for a bountiful life.

Sun & Moon

The sun is known as the ruler of the heart and the moon is known as the ruler of the head. The two combine to symbolize a balanced and happy life.


The bluebird is the most universally accepted of cheerfulness, happiness, prosperity, hearth and home, good health, new births and the renewal of springtime. Virtually any positive sentiments may be attached to the bluebird.


Truth and knowledge are revealed when a veil is lifted.

The introduction of the wedding veil stems from the time of the Crusades. In early weddings the bride was bargained for through her father; she was married wearing a veil and only revealed to her husband after the ceremony. Veils were used as a symbol of virginity and purity.

Wedding Basket

Traditionally, Navajo weddings include a special ceremonial basket to represent the union of two people destined to be together. Made of interwoven coils, the braided basket is said to symbolise the joining of soul mates for all eternity.

Holly & Ivy

Early Christians used to display evergreen plants in their homes to symbolise everlasting life. Holly (representing the masculine) and Ivy (the feminine) were the most popular combination.

According to English legend, both plants together protect a house against evil spirits.


The vase is a symbol of treasure in the Kabbalah.

Peach blossom

In China, peach blossoms are believed to ward off illness and danger. Branches of the blossoms are hung on the outside of their homes, thereby preventing guests from bringing in any unwanted influences.


  • According to St. Patrick, green is the color of hope, representing the faith and optimism of the Irish people throughout history.

  • The Evergreen tree never looses its shape or color of leaves and has thus become a symbol of both hope and everlasting life.


One of the most popular symbols of good luck. The prongs have to face up or the luck will run out.


Also known as the "horn of plenty", spilling over with grains, vegetables and fruits, symbolizes a bountiful harvest. Ancient Romans used a large sea shell filled with fruit to symbolize the abundance of life's material goods.

Lover's Knot

The tying of knots symbolises love, loyalty and friendship.

According to European folklore, a woman could retain her lover's interest by tying a knot in his handkerchief and placing it in his breast pocket.

Bridal bouquets often have cascading ribbons in which many knots have been tied, each one holding wishes for fidelity and happiness.


German legend tells of a knight and his lady who were walking along the river banks on the eve of their wedding when they saw a spray of beautiful flowers in the river below. The lady begged him to retrieve them for her and as he dove into the water, clutching the flowers in his hand he was swept away by the turbulent waters. Struggling against the current, the knight cried out "forget me not", giving the flowers their name.


Sprigs of rosemary are often used in a bride's bouquet or hair wreath, as well as in the groom's boutonniere. After the ceremony the sprigs were planted in the garden of the new home for the couple's future daughters to use.

Wedding guests were also presented with a branch of rosemary as a symbol of love and loyalty.


  • Sliced carrots resemble coins in shape and colour and are thus considered a symbol of prosperity.

  • The Hebrew word for carrots - tsimes - means "to increase". In celebration of the new year, carrots are eaten with the hope of increasing goodness and happiness in the year ahead.


  • Chinese symbol for fertility and longevity.

  • A unicorn can only be captured by a virgin and is therefore a symbol of feminity, purity and the power of goodness.


Venus, the Roman goddess of love, carried a vial of precious nectar as she hurried off to see her lover Adonis. On her way, she carelessly stepped on a thorn and punctured her foot. Blood stained the thorny bush and nectar spilled on its leaves. Where blood and nectar mingled, a beautiful red rose appeared.

Goblet / Chalice

  • The Roman goddess Flora holds the chalice from which grace flows.

  • Japanese wedding ceremonies include the exchange of cups as a symbol of faithfulness.

  • In Muslim mystical writings, cups symbolise the heart as the most sensitive point in the soul.